TITLE OF THE PROJECT: The role of local traditional knowledge in adaptation to

climate change ACRONYM: ADAPTAL

Climate change (CC), through gradual changes in ecosystems and extreme events, jeopardizes, human health, human security and food security. Society needs collective solutions for mitigation and adaptation to CC. Many such solutions have been developed locally through processes of social innovation and transformational adaptation, but they have received little support. However the IPCC has stressed the need to pay more attention to these experiences because they consider the context in their proposed actions. Local and traditional knowledge, social learning and knowledge sharing are examples of such transformational adaptations.

Agri-food (AF) systems also need to adapt to impacts of climate changes. Past challenges of preindustrial agriculture such as droughts, flooding or access to resources, have parallels with current and predicted impacts of CC. Therefore past knowledge, hardly documented with in the CC research has a grat potential to foster adaption to CC. Additionally, women’s role in AF systems is critical.

They participate in all parts of the systems and have developed their own local traditional knowledge in agriculture and food (LTKAF). Indeed, in looking and actors prompting adaptation to CC, women’s knowledge can play a major rule but their contribuiton has rarely been studied or acknowledged. In studying agriculture and food process, the IPCC rases the need to use a food system perspective (from production to consumption). AF sociology which has a systemic approach and recognises the complexity of agriculture an its interrelation with other sectors and nature, perfectly suits this recommendation and responds to the need for the research with global perspective focused on local contexts. In this project, framed within AF sociology and using an intersectionality approach and gender prespective, we study two poorly-investigated elements of European AF systems: 1) The potentiality of LTK of agriculture and food to provide plausible strategies to promote adaption to climate change in the current socioeconomic context from a food system perspective; and 2) the differentiated role of men and women, in intersection with other variables, in the construction, maintenance and transmission of such knowledge a we propose a research in seven phases in Catalonia and Andalucía as case study with the following objectives:

1) Identify, collect and conserve LTKAF in the study areas aloong the food chain (production, transformation, distribution, preparation and consumption) (Phases 1,2,3: literature review, identification and collection of LTKAF, ex-situ conservation of LTKAF;

2) Evaluatethe economic, social, health, cultural and environmental viability of LTKAF (Phase 4: focus groups, nutritional assessment, multicriteria analysis);

3) Evaluate knowledge use and transmission, as well as integration of LTKAF and other types of knowledge (Phase 5: social Networks Analysis);

4) Evaluate the potentiality of these practices to foster CC adaptation (Phase 6: revision of expected CC impacts in the studied area; comparison with LTK evaluations in other geographical areas;

5) To promotore social learnong and knowledge sharing actions that foster transformational adaptation to climatic change through the developmen of learning platforms addressed to skateholders (Phase 7: workshops and knowledge sharing platform OjoVoz) and;

6) Combine new and old communication tools (e.g. interactive web, transmedia tools, scientific publications).

KEYWORDS: local traditional knowledge, climate change adaptation, gender studies, agri-food systems, social innovation, social learning.